What is Lifestyle Medicine?

wpid-20150112_151004.jpgLifestyle medicine is defined as:

“a branch of evidence-based medicine in which comprehensive lifestyle changes (including nutrition, physical activity, stress management, social support and environmental exposures) are used to prevent, treat and reverse the progression of chronic diseases by addressing their underlying causes.(1)”

According to the World Health Organisation;

Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading causes of death globally, killing more people each year than all other causes combined. Contrary to popular opinion, available data demonstrate that nearly 80% of NCD deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries. Despite their rapid growth and inequitable distribution, much of the human and social impact caused each year by NCD-related deaths could be averted through well-understood, cost-effective and feasible interventions (2).

References

(1) Sagner, M., Katz, D., Egger, G., Lianov, L., Schulz, K.-H., Braman, M., … Ornish, D. (2014). Lifestyle medicine potential for reversing a world of chronic disease epidemics: from cell to community. International Journal of Clinical Practice, 68(11), 1289–1292. http://doi.org/10.1111/ijcp.12509

(2) Alwan, A. (2011). Global status report on noncommunicable diseases 2010. World Health Organization, p vii.

Web Links:
  1. The American College of Lifestyle Medicine
  2. The Australian Lifestyle Medicine Association
  3. The European Society of Lifestyle Medicine

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